Range: Central America, northern South America
Wild Diet: Tender shoots, leaves, fruits, blossoms
Zoo Diet: Fruit and vegetables
They spend most of their lives upside down, moving very slowly through the trees.The most important sense for sloths is smell. They spend 15-18 hours of every 24 in sleep. The rest of the time they are grinding up leaves and fruit and slowly digesting their meal (it may take up to a month) in a large compartmentalized stomach containing cellulose-digesting bacteria. They descend about once a week to defecate. They usually urinate only when rain can mask their urine stream.
In coupling, both animals hang from a branch by their forelimbs, face to face. The breeding season is March and April. One young is born about every 14-16 months. They mature in 3.5 years for females and 5 years for males. The infant is carried on its mother’s upturned belly.
Gestation: Approximately 5 months
Conservation Status: Least Concern