Toad, Puerto Rican Crested
This is a small toad (2-4 inches long), with the female being the larger of the two sexes. Coloration is brown marbled with a yellowish-tan or white color, and darker raised lumps along the back and legs. Males show more yellow than females on their back. Females are larger than males, and more robust. They have horny ridges on their head and their toes are webbed.
Class: Amphibian (Amphibia)
Range: North and south coasts of Puerto Rico, British Virgin Islands
Habitat: Wetland ponds, pools, ditches, forests and rocky areas
Lifespan: Over 9 years (in captivity)
Wild Diet: Snails, worms, beetles and other bugs
Zoo Diet: Earthworms, beetle and wax moth larvae, crickets
They are a nocturnal terrestrial species that live in excavated burrows and semi-arid rocky areas in evergreen forests.
They use seasonal ponds during the rainy season to reproduce, and return to the rocky limestone areas after laying their eggs in long black strings. It takes about 18 days for the eggs to mature into toadlets in the wild. Even though reproduction is sporadic it occurs throughout the year.
Gestation: Metamorphosis can occur as soon as 14 days
Litter: Clutch size: Up to 15,000 eggs
Conservation Status: Critically Endangered
Threats: Habitat loss.
- Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is part of the Species Survival Plan that is working on the survival of the Puerto Rican Crested Toad.
- This is the only toad native to Puerto Rico.
- Also known as Bufo lemur.
The first PRCT to be born at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo was named 'Solito' because he was the only egg to hatch that season (2007).