Range: India to Borneo, Sub-Sahara Africa
Wild Diet: Carcasses of animals, termites
Zoo Diet: Beef heart and liver - rich in vitamin A and D
Marabous have an enormous sharp bill, capable of dealing lethal blows. It is wedge-shaped to cut open abdominal walls of dead animals. The birds are scavengers with bare heads adapted for insertion into large animal corpses. Subsequently, they are found in association with vultures. They also stand at termite mounds eating swarms of insects and have been known to kill young and adult flamingos and small mammals. They can drive away vultures, but are not generally particularly quarrelsome. They eat anything remotely edible, including old rags.
Eggs are laid at the end of the rainy season so that young are fed during the dry season where there is more food and aquatic animals are concentrated in receding waters. The young take 116 day until they fly and leave the nest at about 130 days.
Gestation: Incubation: 30 days
Litter: 2-3 eggs
Conservation Status: Least Concern