Range: Mauritania east to Ethiopia and south to Namibia and South Africa, except areas of uninterrupted forest or desert.
Habitat: Mainly open woodland and savanna.
Wild Diet: Carrion and some small insects
Gregarious at larger carcasses, but can’t compete with larger species, so takes scraps and with fine bill can pick meat from between bones. Male will provide food for chicks and mother for 21 days, then both do feeding.
Laying usually after rainy season: October–March in west and northeast Africa. January and April-July in east Africa. May to August in South Africa. Breeds year around. Crops and gizzards can be distended to hold several days’ food.
Gestation: Incubation: 48-54 days. Fledging is 89 to 130 days.
Litter: Clutch size: Single egg with reddish spots on whitish base. Young chick is helpless.
Conservation Status: Endangered
- Builds stick nest in upper branches preferably of baobob or silk cotton degs in foliage and not in crown.
- Parents alternate roles in raising offspring for up to 4 months after first flight.
- Seen to use stones to open found eggs for food.