A food long, slender bird distinguished by its long red bill, its red legs, and its long gradiated tail. It is a blackish bird highlighted by the green iridescent plumage on body, but violet on wings and tail. At end of tail are white wingbars and spots.
Class: Bird (Aves)
Range: Widespread in southern Africa below 15 degrees North except in arid and southwestern portions
Habitat: Forest and wooded savanna
Lifespan: Rarely to ten years; mortality is common due to food availability and territory restrictions.
Wild Diet: Larvae and crustaceans found in tree
Live in pairs or forage in trees as is or in small groups. When foraging, they have a loud cackling cry that ends in crescendo. Their home is a tree hold. Act like tits and woodpeckers in tree foraging.
Incubation is done by the female and fed by her mate. Chicks are fed by the pair and fledge at about 30 days.
Gestation: Breeding season is August to October in tree holes in 18 days.
Litter: 3-5 chicks
Conservation Status: Least Concern
- Young and females have a particular defensive behavior that involves exuding a horrible stink when threatened.
- There are several African hoopoes distinctly different than they European hoopoe, but the name comes from their distinctive call of "hoop, hoop!"